Synonyms: Isopropanol. 2-Propanol. Dimethylcarbinol. Petrohol.
INCI: Isopropyl alcohol.
Molecular Formula: C3H8O
Molecular Weight: 60.09
Physico-chemical data: Liquid clear and colorless. Miscible in water, ethanol, chloroform, ether, and glycerine.
Density: 0.781 g / ml (25 ° C).
Refractive index: 1.3749 (25 ° C).
Properties and uses:
Isopropyl alcohol is obtained from propylene, by catalytic reduction of acetone, or by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. In general, isopropanol diluted to 70% has some bactericidal properties similar to ethanol of the same concentration. It is a solvent used in perfumery and cosmetics, and vehiculizar other disinfectants. In pharmaceutical technology used in the tablet coating and granulation processes. It is used in preparations for disinfecting hands and surfaces. It is also used as a disinfectant. It is also used as a skin disinfectant in preoperative and to disinfect hypodermic needles and syringes. 70% has been used to make skin friction. It has been investigated for the treatment of nausea and vomiting that may occur after surgery. However, its toxicity is only used externally.
Dosage: 60 Via topical - 70%.
It has effects similar to ethanol isopropanol just no initial euphoric action, being most pronounced change gastritis, intestinal bleeding, nausea, pain, and vomiting. Inhalation of vapors can cause a coma. Its continued application topically cause skin dryness for their degreasing properties and irritation. Precautions should be used with caution topically to prevent possible systemic absorption, but absorption through intact skin appears limited. Caution before inhalation or ingestion to produce more intense than with ethanol intoxication and gastrointestinal irritation with bleeding and skin reactions. use in premature infants at risk of burns is not recommended.
Incompatibility: oxidizing agents (such as hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid). It can be separated from aqueous mixtures if salts (such as sodium chloride, sodium sulfate ...) or sodium hydroxide.
Remarks: For external use only.
Storage: in closed containers. PROTECT FROM LIGHT. Keep away from sources of ignition. Recommended keep cold (<12 ° C).